Patients are provided with the necessary gown to put on in their rooms. Before entering the theater, the patient is wheeled on a gurney to the premedication room for the insertion of a needle in a vein of the arm. A pre-anesthetic drug is immediately administered endovenously so as to eliminate any anxiety and facilitate the subsequent general anesthetic.
The patient is then wheeled into the operating theatre and laid out on the operating table, where the electrodes of the electrocardiograph are positioned on the chest first of all together with a blood pressure cuff in order to monitor cardiac activity.
At this point, the anaesthetist uses the needle previously inserted in a vein to administer drugs that immediately induce sleep and permit tracheal intubation. This tube is used to administer gases that maintain the state of general anaesthesia with complete unconsciousness and no perception of pain. Intubation also allows for a better and safer control of the airways with no danger of extraneous bodies or blood being inhaled into the lungs.
Emergence from anaesthetic is usually gentle and painless. The patient is taken back to the premedication room, where the anaesthetist is ready to cope with any need that may arise. The patient must only remember to breathe through the mouth as the nose is packed with tampons.
Once the reawakening is sufficiently complete and stable, the patient is taken back to his or her room, where an icepack is applied to the eyes for about two hours in order to minimize bruising and oedema.
It should be stressed that the patient is accompanied in every phase of his or her movements, from leaving the room to returning after the operation, by qualified personnel ready to cope with any need that may arise.
The operating surgeon is also always present and ready for any further questions and clarifications right up to the moment of intubation.